Online Reference Upper School

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Supplemental Online Reference Upper School

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Documenting Sources

Introduction
When writing an academic research paper, the facts, quotations, ideas, opinions, lines of argument, etc. that you use from the work of someone else must be acknowledged for their contribution to your work. There are many acceptable ways for doing so; at the Ross School, the MLA style is the standard for documenting sources. The complete MLA guidelines are available in the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers and additional information, especially for documenting online sources, is online at the Modern Language Association’s section on MLA Style.

In the MLA style, acknowledgement of a source consists of an in-text citation within the body of the paper that refers to an entry on a Works Cited list. Generally, the in-text citation includes the author’s name and the page number and the Works Cited entry includes the author, title, and publication information.

EXAMPLES:
Works Cited Entry
Burke, Kenneth. Language as Symbolic Action: Essays on Life, Literature, and Method. Berkeley: U of California P, 1966.

In-text Citation
Human beings have been described by Kenneth Burke as “symbol-using animals” (3).
Human beings have been described as “symbol-using animals” (Burke 3).

Compiled and adapted for the Ross School. Comprehensive information on MLA style can be found in: MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 8th ed. New York: The Modern Language Association of America, 2016.

Useful Links
Purdue Online Writing Lab

Citation Machine

Easy Bib

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